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6 Basic Financial Ratios and What They Reveal


financial ratios list

The cons of the use of financial ratios are that they can be easily manipulated and, if used improperly, can give you a false sense of security about a company’s financial state. Financial ratios can help you pick the best stocks for your portfolio and build your wealth. We’ve briefly highlighted six of the most common and the easiest to calculate. The efficiency of any business is measured by the profit earned by the company. Profitability ratios measure the various aspects of the profitability of a company. Times interest earned, which is also known as the interest coverage ratio, is an indicator of a corporation’s ability to pay the interest on its debt, such as loans payable and bonds payable.

Your business will struggle to repay the supplier and you’ll be in real trouble. Profitability ratios are used to measure the ability of a company to generate earnings (profit) relative to the resources. A high times interest earned ratio gives the lender comfort that the borrower will be able to make the interest payments when they are due. It is very useful for companies which are in their high growth phase because for such companies, the value of debt is usually high than equity, and also very low realized earnings.

Financial leverage ratio

The accounts receivable turnover ratio shows how effectively your company collects outstanding balances from customers and clients. It compares the actual time worked with the expected number of labor hours. If you were wondering whether financial ratios that compare actuals with forecasts exist… A high ratio (more than 1) suggests the company isn’t financially stable, as its fixed assets exceed its long-term funds.

financial ratios list

Unlike liquidity that deals with an ability to handle short-term debt, solvency deals with a company’s ability to service its long-term liabilities. This article will look into five major categories of financial ratios that you can use to evaluate your company’s financial health. By looking at the cash flow your organization has available to pay your existing debt obligations, your DSCR lets investors know whether you have the income available to pay off your debts. ROE demonstrates how well your organization is handling shareholder contributions. It measures the profitability of your organization as it relates to stockholders’ equity. ROA measures your company’s efficiency in generating earnings from assets by showcasing how much profit your company can gain from those assets.

Working Capital Turnover Ratio

The higher your debt-to-equity ratio, the more your company relies on borrowed money rather than equity. But in general, a high ratio indicates a higher level of borrowing. Lenders will use this financial ratio to understand how likely your company is to be able to repay further borrowing. There isn’t an “ideal” debt-to-assets ratio, and it’s hard to compare against other companies—even those of a similar size and in the same industry as you. Many lenders will need companies to meet a minimum fixed interest coverage ratio to approve them for loans.

  • Proving low financial risk and profitability is good in the long run.
  • But sticking with it can give you a clear picture of your company’s current financial health so you can make important decisions.
  • Financial ratios show you how a company is performing by comparing different financial metrics to each other.
  • Here are a few of the most important financial ratios for business owners to learn, what they tell you about the company’s financial statements, and how to use them.
  • These ratios help in determining what decisions need to be taken strategically or from an investment point of view.

They either need to find a way to increase their sales or sell off some of their plant and equipment. The fixed asset turnover ratio is dragging down the total asset turnover ratio and the firm’s asset management in general. This means that this company completely sells and replaces its inventory 5.9 times every year. The business owner should compare the inventory turnover with the inventory turnover ratio with other firms in the same industry. These financial ratios are just a few to consider when looking to better measure your business’s profitability, cash flow, and efficiency. While one financial ratio alone can’t give you a complete picture of your business’s financial performance, uing these ratios can give you better awareness of potential opportunities.

Shareholder-Equity Ratio

Here is the complete income statement for the firm for which we are doing financial ratio analysis. We are doing two years of financial ratio analysis for the firm so we can compare them. The assets in this formula are assets and cash the business has on hand that could be quickly converted into cash.

Current assets are assets that can be converted into liquid cash easily. Some commonly used liquidity ratios are the quick ratio, the cash ratio, and the current ratio. Liquidity ratios are utilized by banks, lenders, and providers to decide whether a client can respect their monetary commitments.

It is considered more reliable as the Enterprise Valuation of a company also includes the debt in the calculation. In general, a PEG ratio of less than 1 infers that a company is undervalued because it represents that bookkeeping for startups the growth rate of the company is high compared to its P/E ratio. Similarly, a PEG ratio of more than 1 infers that the company is overvalued. Operating profit is also known as earnings before interest and tax (EBIT).

financial ratios list

It helps you understand how efficiently your company uses its assets to generate revenue. Along these same lines is the earnings per share or EPS, another quick ratio to use when assessing future earnings. Earnings per share measures the net income you’ll receive for each share of a company’s stock. To calculate EPS, you must divide net income by the number of outstanding common shares during the financial year. Profitability ratios determine your organizations ability to generate profit relative to revenue, operating costs, balance sheet assets and shareholder equity. XYZ company has $8 million in current assets, $2 million in inventory and prepaid expenses, and $4 million in current liabilities.


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