A laparoscopy is a procedure that aims to check the inside area of your abdomen or pelvis. Your doctor will suggest laparoscopic surgery if you have abdominal or pelvis pain. Laparoscopic surgery helps to identify the root cause of pain. To do so, a laparoscopic surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a crucial instrument in the entire surgery. So, what is a laparoscope? And what is the role of a laparoscopic surgeon before and after surgery? Are you looking to dig deep into the topic?
Then, we have got you covered. This article will give you an in-depth idea about the same. Further, this article will provide insight into laparoscopic surgery’s benefits and when you need it. Let’s begin.
A Laparoscope and Laparoscopic Surgery
A laparoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a small high-resolution camera and a light on one end. These two key tube elements give surgeons a clear picture of the abdominal and pelvis area. In laparoscopic surgery, a surgeon inserts a flexible tube into the tiny cut incision in your belly. This helps them to diagnose any defective organ or tissue inside your abdomen. In some cases, surgeons might remove the affected tissues for biopsy. Of course, an imaging test like ultrasound, X-ray, etc., serves the same purpose. But this test gives a surgeon a handful of information about specific abdominal parts that imaging tests cannot diagnose.
Thus, laparoscopic surgery acts as an exploratory surgery for surgeons. Laparoscopy is commonly called “minimally invasive surgery.” A surgeon’s multiple laparoscopic surgeries are gallbladder removal, appendices, hernia, anti-reflux surgery, stomach, liver resection, etc. These tests help surgeons detect liver disease, tumor, abdominal activity fluid, cancer stage, blockages, infections, etc.
The risk involved and answers to crucial questions:
Every surgeon tries their best for the best surgical outcomes. Still, it is the surgeon’s prime responsibility to inform patients about the risk factors of laparoscopic surgery. A few complications or risk factors of this surgery are:
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea or vomiting
- Infection caused due to abdominal cut
- Injury to the bladder, bowel, blood vessels, etc.
- Blood clots
- Wound infection
The surgeon also gives you a brief regarding the below factors before the surgery:
- What is he going to diagnose?
- The surgery procedure?
- How can you prepare for Laparoscopic surgery?
- What is the expected recovery time?
- Any medications to stop before surgery.
- When should you see a doctor during the recovery period?
- Any abnormalities like tumors, cancer, etc., resulting from surgery.
The surgery procedure:
Before the surgery starts, the anesthesia specialist gives you general anesthesia. It is provided through the IV (intravenous) line by inserting it through one of your veins. The anesthesia makes you unconscious while the surgery progresses, and you don’t feel the pain. You may also receive other hydration fluids through IV. The surgery begins with a surgeon making a small cut near your belly or a pelvis bone. A surgeon then inserts a cannula (a small tube) through this cut of 1 to 1.5 cm wide.
Then, a surgeon uses this small tube to inflate the abdomen by pumping carbo-dioxide gas. The gas inflation separates abdominal walls from organs and expands the abdominal organs. As a result, a surgeon can easily view internal organs and explore specific abdominal areas. The surgeon next uses the incision to introduce a laparoscope. The camera on this Laparoscope shows internal abdominal images in real-time. Thus, surgeons can examine your organs in real-time.
A surgeon may make some more minor cuts in the lower belly portion to insert other tools. It is to remove the abnormal tissues or organs inside. Once the procedure is complete, a surgeon removes a laparoscope, cutting tools, and gas and closes the small cuts. The entire process may last around 30 to 90 minutes.
However, it depends upon what your surgeon is going to diagnose. Post-surgery, a surgeon monitors you closely for any side effects such as adverse reactions to anesthesia. He also monitors your breathing and heart rate closely. If everything works fine, doctors release you with further instructions. Or sometimes, you may need to stay in the hospital overnight, depending on how your body responds to the surgery.
When can you have laparoscopic surgery?
Your doctor or surgeon may suggest laparoscopic surgery for multiple conditions. A few conditions are as follows:
- A severe chronic pelvis or abdominal pain
- In case of abdominal cancer
- Heavy menstrual periods for women
- If you have a lump in the abdomen
A surgeon diagnoses the below factors for women with laparoscopic surgery:
- Pelvic prolapse: The situation occurs when pelvis organs slip down their normal position and bulge into the vagina top.
- Ovarian cysts: Fluid-filled sacs on or inside the ovary.
- Fibroids: Fibrous tissues on the wall of the uterus.
- Endometriosis: A disease where tissues lining inside the uterus exist outside it.
Laparoscopic surgery is a low-risk surgery as it involves small incisions. Furthermore, real-time images on a video monitor facilitate correct and quicker decision-making for surgeons. Some more benefits of laparoscopic surgery are listed below.
- Faster recovery
- Less wound pain
- Less blood loss
- Lower risk of hemorrhage
- Lower infection risks
- A low expense due to a short hospital stay
Continuously advancing medical technologies has pivoted the way for the laparoscopic surgeon to utilize their knowledge to the fullest. A surgeon can thoroughly examine and explore the internal abdominal region through laparoscopy. Laparoscopy leads to correct diagnosis and assists surgeons in critical decision-making. A surgeon’s job is not only restricted to performing surgery and making diagnoses. But his job starts right from informing patients regarding the surgery before even starting with it. He is also answerable for post-surgery abnormalities patients may experience.